The human body comprises of organs, arteries, bones, flesh, connective tissue, and muscles which all compete for space. Up until a few years ago, when a surgeon operated on a patient, they had to make incisions into the body to be able to reach an organ or a part of the body that has been operated on. As a result of this, scaring took a lot of time to heal and gave long recovery times. Traditional surgery was not without its risks and complications. In the 1970s, laparoscopic surgery emerged as the first minimally invasive surgical procedure for various types of surgeries. Surgical procedures all over the world have radically changed with the use of robotic surgery. It has enabled surgeons to perform procedures that may have been previously impossible. Robotic is much more precise, has minimal scarring, and quicker recovery time. There is no doubt that technology has changed the way healthcare professionals practice medicine permanently.
Da Vinci Surgical System
Since the 2000s, the production of the da Vinci surgical system broke new grounds by becoming the first FDA approved the system for general laparoscopic surgery. The Robotic da Vinci emerged as an all-encompassing system with scopic utensils and a camera.
How it Works
This system almost resembled a video game, with interactive arms, futuristic controls, and a 3 D screen. There are two components to this robot: a control console that is controlled by the surgeon and the robot itself which operates on the patient. The robot has 3-small and light robotic arms which are attached to several instruments such as scissors, scalpel, and electrocautery instruments. Each instrument has a different function. The surgeon will receive a 3D version of the patient from the control console with the use of the endoscopic camera which is situated on the last robot arm. All operations carried out on a patient are efficient and precise.
What is Robotic Surgery?
Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that works through a computer screen in an operating room and small incisions with the robotic arms are made through the belly button or in the groin area in order to complete a procedure. This is only for certain procedures such as removal of the kidney for kidney cancer treatment. Robots are playing a greater role in Irish hospitals delivering efficient and effective operations with minimal blood risks and shorter recovery times. It is a very clever machine that translates actions outside the patient to the inside of the patient.
What are the benefits of robotic surgery?
There are many benefits to having robotic surgery. It is a minimally invasive surgery with fewer complications. These include:
- Less pain
- Less risk of blood loss
- Less noticeable scars
- Quicker recovery time
- A safer option than traditional open surgery
- It is just as effective as traditional surgery
What is robotic surgery used for?
It may not be ideal for some surgery types however, it is replacing a lot of the traditional surgeries in many fields including gynaecology and urology. Robotic surgeries have become popular for many procedures such as removal of part of the kidney for the treatment of cancer (Partial Nephrectomy), removal of the gallbladder, and colon cancer removal. With traditional surgery, you would have to make a large incision but with robotic surgery, this is not the case.
While this technology and machine is an amazing advancement, there are a few drawbacks. The majority of urology surgery is performed via the da Vinci robot. As this type of surgery is going nowhere anytime soon, you still need a set of skills to learn how to use the robot if you are going to perform any surgical procedure. Young and new doctors may be trained in laparoscopic surgery however, it is still necessary to be trained to perform traditional open surgeries. As robotic surgery has taken over many surgical fields, there has also been an interesting shift in age dynamics. Some people may also be scared of robotic machinery and may need to consult a psychotherapist before going into surgery.
It was found that the younger generation of surgeons who have experience with video gaming picked up this form of surgery a lot quicker than an older surgeon.
Robotic surgery in the Future
The advantages of robotic-assisted surgeries that are ongoing to date will make sure that this technology will be continually developing, evolving, and growing in the future. The future of this technology is beyond exciting and the next generation of surgeons will truly advance from it. Researchers have already started to focus on using new materials for the development of new generation robots. There are human studies that highlight the strength of this successful medical robotic development. This type of technology may also be used in dental surgeries in the future.
Experts in cancer procedures believe that this robotic procedure has a sincere future for the treatment of cancer tumors. Experts also believe that this technology will advance and has a future in the medical industry.
Robotic surgery is an incredibly new and exciting technology in the world today. It has significant potential to benefit the next generation of surgeons, increase the efficiency of hospital teams, and improve patient care. In the future, robot surgery will continue to integrate and embrace advancements in a number of key areas such as intelligent systems, enhanced images, data analytics, training, and optimised learning, and less-invasive approaches. It is important to drive the use of these technologies not only for innovation but also for general accessibility and cost-effectiveness. With the medical robotics precision surgery, this should improve the quality of life after your procedure.